Monkey pox is the new disease that is creating havoc in Nigeria now, 12 cases of suspected monkey pox has been confirmed by NCDC, Nigeria Center for Disease Control, with 32 close contacts of the cases placed under watch. Monkeypox is a rare viral zoonosis with symptoms in humans similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although less severe. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980.However, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.
Causes of Monkey Pox
The virus can be conveyed through the primary and secondary transmission.
Infection of index cases results from direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected animals this is the primary transmission. Secondary, or human-to-human, transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
Signs and Symptoms of Monkey pox
The symptoms you should look out before reporting to the nearest health facility are listed in according to their period of occurrence according to WHO:
- Intense headache
- Muscle pain
- Back pain
- Swelling of the lymph node
- Skin rash similar to that of chicken pox
Monkey pox has no cure. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication. However, the following practice can prevent it:
- Potentially infected animals should be isolated from other animals and placed into immediate quarantine.
- Surveillance measures and rapid identification of new cases is critical for outbreak containment.
- Avoiding contact with animals that are sick or found dead in areas where Monkey Pox occurs.
- Always wash hands with soap and water after contact with animals or when caring for sick relatives or soiled beddings.